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Dolnośląski Festiwal Nauki Dolnośląski Festiwal Nauki

Festival financially supported by:

Ministerstwo Nauki i Szkolnictwa Wyższego

Gmina Wrocław

Urząd marszałkowski Województwa Dolnośląskiego

Polskie Górnictwo Naftowe i Gazownictwo SA

About Festival

The History

It seemed to be a weekend attraction only but it spread its wings. Today, the Science Festival is the biggest knowledge disseminating event in Lower Silesia. It is organized not only in Wroclaw but also in Jelenia Góra, Legnica, Wałbrzych and Ząbkowice Śląskie. The Festival is the winner of many prestigious awards and member of the European Science Events Association - a European association of science festivals' organizers.
Every year it attracts crowds of not only children and young people but also the elderly. They reserve their time in September, arrive by bus from many Lower Silesian towns. Last year the Festival events recorded 75 thousand visitors! The biggest universities in Wroclaw do not have that number of students. It is for them who Wroclaw universities and research institutes open their lecture halls and laboratories for. They offer: panel discussions, specialist lectures, presentations, workshops, seminars, exhibitions, excursions, concerts and theater performances. All fields of study, from the humanities to sport and recreation. Among several hundred events prepared by scholars, including some eminent researchers, everyone can find something of interest.
(Wanda Dybalska, The Success of Science Festivals, Gazeta Wyborcza, 14. 03. 2005)

The history of the biggest and most popular undertaking of Wroclaw and Lower Silesia's scientific and artistic circles, which is aimed at disseminating and promoting science and its achievements, began in 1998 when Prof. Aleksandra Kubicz from Wroclaw University implemented in Wroclaw the idea of the Festival.
The first edition was held in Wroclaw on September 25-27 as Wroclaw Local Science Festival. The present Lower Silesian Science Festival - held under this name for the first time in 2001 - it has been (since 2003) an 8-day marathon of Wroclaw stationary edition, and subsequent 2-day regional October sessions in Jelenia Gora, Legnica, Walbrzych and Ząbkowice Ślaskie.
In 1998 it was the second - after Warsaw - science festival that encouraged practically the entire academic community to manifest the social role of science. In 1999 Wojciech Żdżarski from the University of Music in Wroclaw composed a bugle call specially for the purpose of the Festival - the trio of trumpets from the University of Music is an indispensable attribute of annual openings of all editions of the Festival.
From the very beginning the Lower Silesian Science Festival, both in Wroclaw and in other towns of the Region, has been supported by municipal, regional and university authorities of Wroclaw.

The goals of the LSSF

The Lower Silesian Science Festival is aimed at disseminating knowledge through engaging entire communities of Wroclaw and Lower Silesia in a good promotion of science and its achievements; it deprives science of its hermetic character and forces scientists to become its comprehensible - that is understandable for the audience - advocates. The Festival allows to learn about the techniques of scientific work and to meet the researchers in person; it shows that researchers, regardless of place of their investigations and inquiries, constitute one big family. Another important objective of the Festival is to make the community of Wroclaw and Lower Silesia aware of the fact that knowledge is the center of the most important civilization processes and that our place in the United Europe will depend on the education level of the society. LSSF promotes Wroclaw as a city of research and art, and Lower Silesia - as a region with tremendous potential.

The audience of the LSSF

This annual scientific event is addressed at a wide audience, regardless of their age and education. It comprises secondary and high school students, who arrive with their teachers from the schools of Wroclaw and Lower Silesia. Some events are prepared for children and entire families. Adults, who constitute a substantial percentage of the visitors, consider the Festival as a chance to supplement their education. The format of the LSSF allows organizing series of events for business representatives, students, researchers and politicians.

The animators of the Festival

The Lower Silesian Science Festival is managed by the LSSF Main Coordinator who also chairs the Program Board - the executive body of the LSSF. LSSF Office is responsible to the Main Coordinator and since 2001 it has been located at Wroclaw University.

Prof. Aleksandra Kubicz from Wroclaw University, the initiator of the Festival and the Main Coordinator in the years 1998-2002.
Describing briefly the Festival's objectives (.), we would like to promote knowledge in an attractive way and to integrate the entire Lower Silesian academia. Another important objective is to gain the acceptance of taxpayers and to provide them with a sort of educational package. We attach a lot of weight to presenting Wroclaw as a city of science(.) I do not think that any barriers resulting from education could hinder the reception, even the most difficult lectures should be comprehensible (.)
(Prof. Aleksandra Kubicz, Słowo Polskie, September 18th, 1998)
The Festival is aimed at showing ordinary people the work of researchers in an accessible and understandable way. At outlining different fields of study. Thanks to the Festival you can see things which you do not have a chance to learn about in everyday life. At Wroclaw Medical University the doctors will demonstrate the process of dialysis, discuss the procedure of preparing a patient for a bone marrow transplant and explain what tomographic examination and prenatal diagnostic tests are. (.) The participants visit laboratories which are normally inaccessible even for students. We also want to show people that research is expensive. There will be no results of researchers' work if no expenses are incurred for the development of science. (Prof. Aleksandra Kubicz, Gazeta Wyborcza, September 14th, 2000).
When I look back on those festivals from a three- year perspective, I have to admit that even in my wildest dreams I never suspected that the original idea would turn into such a mass event (.)Three festivals proved beyond any doubt that this new form of putting researchers in a direct contact with the society is an excellent, needed and socially useful undertaking. It is well reflected in the crowds of people greedy for knowledge storming our lecture halls.
(Prof. Aleksandra Kubicz, Nauka i Przyszłość, November 2000)

Prof. Kazimiera A. Wilk from Wroclaw University of Technology, the Main Coordinator in the years 2003 - 2007.
Our Festival also means a properly understood regional culture and sense of togetherness. That is why we do our best to promote Wroclaw universities as well as our beloved town Wroclaw and our Region! (Fragment of an inaugural lecture by Prof. Kazimiera A. Wilk, Pryzmat (WrUT) No. 194, September 2005).
The LSSF organizers have now the courage to propose the concept of the Interactive Science Center in Wroclaw, which would become a new form of the Festival. (.)It will be addressed at a wide audience, both individuals and groups, as well as at adults interested in science and technology, cultural life and social problems of Wroclaw, Lower Silesia, Poland, Europe and the world. Interactive learning about phenomena and technology through individual experiments and self-study is the most modern way to learn and to awaken in young people - our future successors - individual interests. (Prof. Kazimiera A. Wilk, Gazetka Pofestiwalowa 8th LSSF, 2005).
One should keep on learning even at the age of 100, which- thanks to science - we may have a chance to reach. A thirty-year old will soon be a graduate of several majors. The civilization develops due to science, which is progressing rapidly. That is what we want to demonstrate in the Lower Silesian Science Festival. Its program comprises science in its entire richness, from the humanities to modern super technologies. I believe that thanks to the variety of this offer, provided in a modern and very attractive way, young people (the future thirty-year olds...) will be able to find out what is really of interest for them, even more - what may become their future.
(Prof. Kazimiera A. Wilk, Słowo Polskie - Gazeta Wrocławska, September 2006).

The co-organizers of the Festival have been Wroclaw universities

Wroclaw University (WU), Wroclaw University of Technology (WUT), Wroclaw University of Economics (WUE), Wroclaw Medical University (WMU), Wroclaw University of Environmental and Life Sciences (WUELS) (former Agricultural University of Wroclaw), University School of Physical Education in Wroclaw (USPE), Academy of Fine Arts in Wroclaw (AFA), The Ludwik Solski Cracow State College of Drama (CSCD) - Local Departments in Wroclaw, The Karol Lipinski University of Music in Wroclaw (UM), Pontifical Faculty of Theology (PFT), The Tadeusz Kosciuszko Land Forces Military Academy (LFMA), institutes of Polish Academy of Sciences: the Institute of Immunology and Experimental Therapy (IIET PAS) and the Institute of Low Temperature and Structure Research (ILTSR PAS). The following organizations supported the program in the last 10 years: regional branches of Wroclaw University of Technology and Wroclaw University of Economics, Karkonosze College in Jelenia Góra, The Witelon University of Applied Sciences in Legnica, representatives of Wroclaw Municipality and the Education Office in Wrocław, Legnica, Wałbrzych, Jelenia Góra and in Ząbkowice Śląskie, the National Museum, The Ossolinski National Institute, Mensa Poland, Mars Society, the British Council Poland, the Provincial Fire Brigade Office in Wroclaw, Nasza Europa Association, Zoological Garden and EUSCEA - the European Science Events Association.

Program of the Lower Silesian Science Festival

Every year the Program of the Lower Silesian Science Festival is a response to the most important civilization dilemmas of the contemporary world. It offers to visitors a number of attractions practically in all fields of study (in liberal arts, in law, political and social sciences, in mathematical, life, technical, economical, medical, theological and environmental sciences, in culture and art, computer science and media, as well as in sport and recreation), including those related to such avant-garde fields of study as biotechnology, nanotechnology and nanotechnics as well as those concerned with the human aspect of science and technology, and - what ensues from the properly understood regionalism and sense of togetherness - with relations between science, Wroclaw and Lower Silesia. From the very beginning the events have been of different character. Among them were interdisciplinary panel discussions, specialist lectures, presentations and laboratories, workshops and seminars, exhibitions, excursions, theater performances and concerts, scientific and artistic happenings, chats and films. In 2002 Prof. K.A. Wilk organized at WrUT and WU the first festival scientific cafes, e.g. Bogusława Jeżowska-Trzebiatowska and Włodzimierz Trzebiatowski - happily married (Prof. Józef Ziółkowski); From Lviv to Wroclaw (Prof. Ignacy Z. Siemion); Professor Henryk Kuczyński - the pioneer of conformation analysis in Poland (Prof. Marek Wawrzeńczyk and Dr. Stanisław Bochyński); How did the mathematicians invent themselves?" (chair: Magdalena Bajer). Festival scientific cafes are still a part of the LSSF.

Since 2003 the recesses of knowledge can be explored virtually. Thanks to Mr. Ireneusz Tarnowski an event browser appeared on the Festival website, and Gazeta Wyborcza (a media sponsor of the LSSF) organized for the Festival an event in the form of a chat, which involved the participants of Spitsbergen summer expedition talking about the Arctic. Among other chats organized in 2003 there was a chat on addictions (WMU) and a chat entitled Internet, info knowledge, info love (WrUT).

A technological novelty and one of the greatest festival events in 2003 was a debate organized by Andrzej Zaleski in the Institute of Low Temperature and Structure Research of the Polish Academy of Sciences and entitled: The DiLEMmas of the future of science. It was a novelty because it was a video conference from an apartment in Cracow, and an event because the owner of the apartment and discussant was Stanisław Lem (a philosopher, journalist, science fiction writer). His interlocutors were Prof. Jan Klamut and Dr. Andrzej Drzewiński (theoretical physicists form ILTSR of PAS). Mr. Lem was- as always in excellent intellectual shape, well-read and very knowledgeable about all scientific and technological novelties. Despite the over two-hour discussion, nobody from the group of 300 people gathered in a lecture hall in the Institute and actively participating in the conversation was disappointed or bored.

A characteristic feature of the Lower Silesian Science Festival has been, especially since 2003, a very rich program of Wroclaw Medical University, covering problems related to the capabilities of the contemporary medicine, e.g. Modern imaging unit, Advances in neurosurgery, Echocardiography and coronarography, or Tumor - the terror of the 21st century, as well as to issues conceming the riddles of life in health and sickness (e.g. Does a human brain work like a computer?, The mysteries of brain aging processes, Tracking down the secrets of a cell, Microbes - fascinating and dangerous), but it is mainly dedicated to health care (e.g. Toxicology in cancer prevention, Drugs, addictive substances, dietary supplements - what is their impact on our health?, When life loses its meaning).

In the years 2003 - 2005 some very important events were held under the patronage of Prof. Dudek's Salon and with the participation of the Salon's guests. In 2003 some famous citizens of Wroclaw: Prof. Janusz Degler (chairman), Ms. Lena Kaletowa, Senator Bogusław Litwiniec, Count Wojciech Dzieduszycki and actor Bogusław Kierc participated in a panel discussion entitled The spirit of Wroclaw. During the 7th LSSF Prof. Janusz Degler, a famous expert in Witkacy's life and work, gave a lecture entitled They grey is coming... Do Witacy's prophecies come true? (scenario by Prof. A. Twardowska), arranged with the participation of students of the Academy of Fine Arts and preceded by a foreword by Prof. Ewa Michnik, the director of Wroclaw Opera. During the same edition of the Festival there was a panel discussion What turns me on in science chaired by Prof. J. Degler, in which participated some younger guests of the Salon: A. Dyla, K. Fijałkowski, W. Małecki and J. Wadowski. In 2005, during the 7th LSSF, the Salon was represented by Prof. Wojciech Witkiewicz (a surgeon) who gave
a lecture on Surgery - capabilities and limitations. A foreword to this lecture was provided by Rev. Prof. Jan Krucina.

The event entitled Studium Generale in the Festival: Self-organization in nature was organized for the first time during the 9th LSSF in 2006, with the participation of Prof. Zdzisław Latajka, former rector of WU (lecture), Prof. Kazimiera
A. Wilk - the LSSF Main Coordinator (supplementary lecture) and Prof. Adam Jezierski, the LSSF Deputy Coordinator and the Coordinator of Studium Generale (chair).
A novelty in the program of the 6th LSSF was the introduction of scientific passages, which are thematically and spatially closed cycles of presentations, with a predominance of interactive forms of teaching (shows, workshops, laboratories etc.). It was a real revolution in the program of the Festival. The author of the idea of passages was Prof. Kazimiera A. Wilk. They arranged, in terms of time and subject, events which were separate but thematically similar. So far 34 passages have been organized, e.g. Movement, matter, energy, space, time, Clean and rich environment, shaping it and the results of it, Language, civilization, culture, Do we already know everything about heart and mind?, Between theory and practice in theater, Man in cyberspace, Passage of innovation, Passage of economics, Are animals among us or next to us?, Lesson in anatomy, Citius. Altius. Fortius - Faster. Higher. Stronger, Physics and chemistry for everybody, or Physical and mathematical kaleidoscope.

The Festival program has always reflected the integrating character of science

About 300 event authors were involved in organizing the first Wroclaw Science Festival in 1998, including representatives of the academia holding different titles and degrees as well as politicians, journalists, students and PhD students. Since 2003 the number of people involved in the organization of the LSSF has reached 1000 -1200 every year.

In the years 1998 - 2006, among the Festival lecturers were e.g. Zbigniew Bać, Magdalena Bajer, Ewa Bartnik, Bogusław Bednarek, Daniel Bem, Romuald Będziński, Jan Biliszczuk, Janina Bogusławska-Jaworska, Janusz Boratyński, Ludmiła Borodulin-Nadzieja, John C. Brown (University of Glasgow, UK), Bogdan Burczyk, Stanisław Cebrat, Adam Chmielewski, Maciej Chorowski, Alicja Chybicka, Olgierd Czerner, Ignacy Dec, Janusz Degler, Marek Demiański, Ewa Dębowska, Ewa Dobierzewska - Mozrzymas, Tadeusz Dobosz, Maria Dorywała, Andrzej Drzewiński, Roman Duda, Józef Dudek, Andrzej Dubiel, Jacek Dukaj, Rafał Dutkiewicz, Jacek Dworski, Andrzej Elżanowski, Bogdan Ferdek, Bogusław Fiedor, Magdalena Fikus, Roman Galar, Roman Gancarz, Henryk Geringer de Oedenberg, Wendy and Mark Gluyas (UK), Andrzej Górski, Hanna and Antoni Gucwińscy, Olga Haus, Waldemar Irek, Adam Jezierski, Adolf Juzwenko, Lena Kaletowa, Stanisław Kazimierczyk, Alicja Kędzia, Jerzy Kichler, Leon Kieres, Jan Klamut, Bożena Klimczak, Marian Klinger, Jan Kmita, Jan Koch, Ludwik Komorowski, Jan Krucina, Aleksandra Kubicz, Janusz Kucharski, Krzysztof Kuliński, Halina Kwaśnicka, Witold Kwaśnicki, Andrzej Lange, Zdzisław Latajka, Stanisław Lem, Elżbieta Lonc, Jerzy Lukierski, Marian Noga, Zbigniew Makarewicz, Krzysztof Maruszewski, Przemysław Mastalerz. Ewa Michnik, Jan Miodek, Mirosław Miller, Andrzej Miniewicz, Andrzej Mulak, Krzysztof Nawotka, Ernest Niemczyk, Czesław Nosal, Antoni Ogorzałek, Marek Oramus, Marian Orawski, Józef Pater, Janusz Pawlikowski, Egbert Piasecki, Józef Pinior, Antoni Polanowski, Ryszard Poprawski, Florian Pruchnik, Henryk Rossa, Paweł Rudawy, Michał Sachanbiński, Włodzimierz Salejda, Ewa Sawicka - Sienkiewicz, Maria Sąsiadek, Andrzej Siemieniewski, Ignacy Z. Siemion, Jan Sobczyk, Jadwiga Sołoducho, Aldona K. Sowińska, Andrzej Steciwko, Włodzimierz Suleja, Tadeusz Szulc, Jerzy Świątek, Krzysztof Tchoń, Marek Tłaczała, Ludwik Turko, Janusz Trzciński, Jan Waszkiewicz, Wiesław Wenz, Aleksander Weron, Alina Wieliczko, Tadeusz Więckowski, Kazimiera A. Wilk, Tadeusz Wilusz, Tomasz Winnicki, Andrzej Wiszniewski, Wojciech Witkiewicz, Wojciech Wrzesiński, Maciej Zabel, Andrzej Zaleski, Marek Zatoń, Bogdan Zdrojewski, Rafał Ziemkiewicz, Józef J. Ziółkowski and Tadeusz Zipser.

Scientific events were often accompanied with outdoor presentations. For example, in 1999 the University School of Physical Education in Wroclaw organized a tennis match for contestants on wheelchairs as well as kayak ball and baseball matches. In the same year the Polish Academy of Sciences organized in the Institute of Low Temperature and Structural Research the Kite Day '99 -a kite competition in three categories: flat kites, box kites and the rest, and the Land Forces Military Academy prepared a parachuting show and offered pea soup for a dime. Since the beginning of the Festival to the present day the campus of Wroclaw University of Technology has been the scene for different events, e.g. free barge cruises on Odra river, visits to the power station and the water tower, presentations of some technical aspects of the Panorama of the Battle of Racławice, presentation of a hovercraft, stationary hot-air balloons, vintage motorcycles, climbing equipment technologies as well as a competition called "Race on one drop", often organized in co-operation the academic sports club KS AZS Politechnika Wrocławska. The University School of Physical Education organized every year events from the series psyche - body - sport, very popular among young people and families with children. The Land Forces Military Academy prepared presentations of modern shooting arms, military equipment and some fitness shows (e.g. parachute jumps). From the very beginning the Science Festival has had a friendly ally in Wroclaw Zoological Garden - during the festival Hanna and Antoni Gucwiński opened the zoo for families with children and gave lectures on animal habits.

In a young head - young spirit

Since its first edition the Science Festival has been actively involved in the Young Talents Promotion Program, inviting gifted youth from secondary schools to prepare presentations, organizing contests in mathematics, art and humanities, and awarding the winners. In the years 1998 - 2000 several art contests were organized for young people, e.g. My conception of a researcher's work: a physicist's, a biologist's, an archaeologist's, a composer's etc., Science in human life: medicine, technology, agriculture, culture, The most important event in the last millennium, and the winners were awarded during the festival inauguration ceremonies. The awards were funded by the Chairman of the Body of Rectors of Wroclaw and Opole Universities, the Mayor of Wroclaw and the Chief Education Officer.

During the first festival young graduates of the Land Forces Military Academy organized - in co-operation with the Marksmen's Society - a presentation of shooting arms, which was very popular among the Festival visitors.

In 1999 there was a contest for the best millennium poster of the Science Festival organized for high school students, and the Academy of Fine Arts in Wroclaw prepared, in co-operation with students from a fellow university in Dresden, a performance entitled "The Bacchantes" by Euripides and a concert of acting songs performed by students of the Acting Department. The show was held in the Market Square.

During the Festival in 2003 there was a separate space in the program provided for young researchers for the first time. PhD students, grant holders of the Foundation for Polish Science and stipend award recipients presented their scientific achievements in a series entitled In a young head - young spirit. Since 2004 the young researchers' program has become a fixed element of the Festival. Its authors are gifted PhD students, awarded young scholars, including those active in student scientific associations as well as high school students who prepare guest presentations (e.g. in the years 2004 - 2005 - a performance by students of the 10th High School; in 2004 - a performance by students of theater classes from A. Osiecka School Complex No. 6 in Wroclaw). Form among student scientific associations the following research organizations were represented: Allin - The Scientific Association of Chemistry Students (Faculty of Chemistry, WrUT); Przybysz - The Student Scientific Association for Biotechnology (Faculty of Biotechnology (former Faculty of Natural Sciences, Wroclaw University); students of the Institute of Applied Informatics and The Futures Financial Market Scientific Association at the Faculty of Computer Science and Management of WrUT; Young Biomechanics' Scientific Association (Faculty Division of Biomechanics at the University School of Physical Education in Wroclaw); Student Scientific Association for Monument Preservation at WrUT, Scientific Association of Archaeology and Anthropology Students (Institute of Archaeology at Wroclaw University); The Interfaculty Scientific Association Goryl (Faculty Division of Anthropology at WU), Scientific Association of Mathematicians with Teaching Specialty (WU), The Scientific Association of Teachers Variograf (WU), graduates of the Faculty of Electronics at WrUT - Student Scientific Association for Autonomous and Adaptive Systems as well as Student Scientific Association for Computer Engineering Applications in Technology, The Antenna Theory and Technology Scientific Association (KNTiTA) as well as EZI Student Scientific Association; students of the Institute of Cultural Studies at Wroclaw University; Student Television Styk at WrUT and the Academic IT Association at WrUT.

It was a joint initiative of the Science Festival and the Chapter Council for Talent Support zDolny Śląsk (Capable Silesia) in the years 2003-2004 to award the best young Lower Silesians with a statuette of the Festival Hugo. Three of them were awarded by the LSSF Coordinator during the ceremony of giving awards and scholarships to high school students organized by the Marshall Office and the Education Office.

The UN General Assembly announced the year 2005 as the International Year of Physics. Therefore the contest entitled A multimedia presentation of a discovery in physics organized for young people constituted the LSSF contribution to the celebrations of the International Year of Physics. The object of the competition was to prepare works related to a selected discovery or invention made by physicists or with their participation, with a description of how it can be applied. The elimination round was open to students of all high schools and technical colleges from the following provinces: Lower Silesia, Lubuskie and Opolskie. The winners were awarded prizes during the closing ceremony of the 7th LSSF.

For a number of years the annual marathons have been the LSSF great success: Mathematical marathon (which definitely deserves to be called the icon of the LSSF) or Geometry fair, Linguistic marathon, Natural science marathon, Astronomy contest, and in the years 2005 - 2006 competitions organized by the Institute of Immunology and Experimental Therapy of PAS, entitled The world of microbes and On first-name terms with immunology, or the Astronomy contest organized in 2006 by the Institute of Astronomy of Wroclaw University. In the past years very popular were also events such as: Genetics quiz, Natural science marathon and Parasitology quiz, organized at Wroclaw Medical University.

Events dedicated to teachers

The LSSF program in the years 2005 - 2007 always included proposals for teachers, which were aimed at supporting their teaching work and helping them make lessons more appealing to students. As examples may serve the following events organized in 2003: Pedagogy towards information society challenges and Teaching without obstacles and barriers; in the years 2004-2006 there were also other events, e.g. Selected aspects of verbal communication; Searching for information on the Internet, The art of vocal emission in the work of teachers, On first-name terms with English songs, A German lesson on a computer, My computer-aided French lesson, A teacher versus the challenges of extramodernity, Games involving music and physical movement for children with distracted attention, Therapeutic applications of music, Educational applications of video recorders in German lessons, An English lesson on a computer, Interesting resources of the Archdiocesan Museum in Wroclaw, Recognizing constellations and objects in the sky.

Throughout the whole time of the Festival's existence, the organizers have put a lot of effort into planning its program in such a way that it would be inspiring and helpful for teachers; as examples may serve such presentations and workshops as: Physical circus, Funny physics, A physicist's sandpit, Cleaning the chemical kitchen, Chemical rebuses, Astronomy for children, Mathematical meetings and events organized by Mensa Poland (e.g. A table on IQ legs, Rack your brains) as well as workshops on art technologies, which have accompanied the Festival since the beginning of its existence (Carving in stone - tools and methods, Reconstruction and conservation techniques for sculpture and architectural detail, Carving in wood).

Scientific Ground and the LSSF interactive presentations in primary and junior high schools

The first interactive presentations accompanied an exhibition entitled: "DNA 50 Watson & Crick and beyond...", organized in co-operation with the British Council and the British Embassy in 2003. Trained junior lecturers and students of the Faculty of Chemistry conducted two interactive bio-chemical presentations, sponsored by the British Council, in which, during the opening ceremony, participated in person His Royal Highness Prince Andrew, Duke of York. The events were called: Molecular scissors: the rudiments of the DNA analysis ("a genetic finger print") and Kitchen laboratory: the isolation of DNA from onion (very spectacular method of isolating pure DNA from onion, by means of simple everyday items and materials - an electrical kettle, dishwashing liquid or table salt). Young people eagerly participated in workshops and thus broadened their knowledge of molecular biology and primarily - of problems related to DNA.

At first, the LSSF interactive presentations were held on a larger scale as a part of the Scientific Ground, in a military tent put up in the campus of Wroclaw University of Technology. It was in the years 2004 - 2005, due to the commitment of Ms. Tamara Chorążyczewska and Dr. Marek Barański from WrUT and the staff and soldiers from the Military Academy, when the Festival expanded outside the university for the first time. The weekend Scientific Ground event was mainly addressed at families, that is at young and adult enthusiasts of knowledge. The youngest visitors to the Festival were able to touch and personally test science - in accordance with the rule that interest in learning cultivated from early childhood will bear fruit in the future - it is them, only a little bit older, who will be sitting on lecture hall benches as students of Wroclaw universities. According to the slogan: "You too can become ... a magician, an artist, a commando", some interesting points of medicine, physics, chemistry, modern technology, computer science, mechanics, culture and art were presented in an accessible way. A Physical Fair, an exhibition of polyhedron models, a presentation of techniques and equipment for the redeployment of special units, a presentation of mine detection and neutralization, the ten commandments of aromatherapy, the magic of chemical reactions, digital recording of a picture, a presentation of different kinds of puppets and making plaster casts of faces as well as observations of sunspots were among the attractions offered at the Scientific Ground.

In 2006 the Scientific Ground was transformed into LSSF interactive presentations in primary and junior high schools. 23 festival teams, composed of 2-3 people, made several "performances" in 9 selected primary schools (No. 90, 12, 63, 113, 60, 96, 76, 107 and 118) and in 4 junior high schools (No. 1, 14, 23 and 39) in Wroclaw. Young people from schools located nearby also took part in the presentations (the idea of a network). The shows attracted over 2000 participants. This joint project of the LSSF (Prof. Kazimiera A. Wilk) and the Education Division of Wroclaw Municipality (director Lilla Jaroń) turned out to be an unprecedented success thanks to the commitment of teachers working in those schools. Young doctors, PhD students or junior lecturers conducted presentations, which allowed participating from close up in demonstrating scientific phenomena, thus involving the viewers in joint learning and fun. The authors of the shows represented: Wroclaw University, Wroclaw University of Technology, the State College of Drama, Wroclaw Medical University, Agricultural University of Wroclaw and Polish Academy of Sciences. The diverse and interesting subjects of interactive presentations are reflected even in their titles: The Sun as a star and its place in the Universe, Chemistry full of surprises, The beauty of rocks and minerals, The magic of physics, What creates foam, bubbles, ice cream, aerosols and cosmetics?, The colorful world of chemical reactions in a laboratory and at home, DNA on a plate, Is it worthwhile buying a microscope? The fungi we do not notice, A fairy tale for the little ones, Maiden vows for teenagers, Alternative sources of energy; hydrogen - the fuel of the future, Changing the state of matter - playing with liquid nitrogen, The unusual properties of superconductors, "I can't believe my own eyes" - or is everything what it really seems to be?.

The LSSF events from the series "Science and economy - common scientific challenges and possibilities"

During the 6th LSSF in 2003, a competition "For the Festival Hugo", which awarded successful application of research results in the economy, was organized for the first time on the joint initiative of the LSSF and the Hugo Steinhaus Center. Eminent representatives of the academia chaired by Prof. Aleksander Weron from Wroclaw University of Technology appointed the Competition Award Committee and determined the winners. The statuettes representing Prof. Hugo Steinhaus - so-called Hugos - were handed down to: Dr Piotr Dudziński from Wroclaw University of Technology (for innovative solutions in industrial vehicles), Prof. Zdzisław Machoń from the Medical University (for the development of new drug technologies for Polish pharmaceutical industry), Prof. Józef Ziółkowski from Wroclaw University (for research on metal organic compounds and a catalytic method for toxic gases removal). Moreover, a congratulatory letter and a three-volume History of Wroclaw, funded by the Mayor of Wroclaw, was handed down to Witold Szwagrun - the Director of the CIRE company ("Centrum Informacji o Rynku Energii" - Center for Information on Energy Market) - for organizing the CIRE electronic platform.

For a couple of years the Lower Silesian Science Festival has been promoting problems arising on the frontier of research, economy and innovation, as a part of a thematic block entitled.: Science and economy - common scientific challenges and possibilities and with the participation of Lower Silesian scholars and entrepreneurs (in co-operation with Wroclaw Center for Technology Transfer, Wroclaw Center for Networking and Supercomputing at WrUT, Wroclaw Technology Park, the Municipality of Wroclaw and the Marshall Office). In 2003 there was a panel discussion: Information society; knowledge-based economy, chaired by the Rector of the University of Economics Prof. Marian Noga. By means of the Internet it was also possible for the discussants in Jelenia Gora to participate in the debate. In the same year, on the forum of the LSSF there was a presentation of Wroclaw science centers: Center for Advanced Materials and Nanotechnologies at WrUT, Interuniversity Center of Biotechnology of Lipid Aggregates, Materials Recycling Center of Excellence at WrUT and CELTAM Center of Excellence (Center for Low Temperature Studies of Promising Materials for Applications) at ILTSR PAS.

An important personage, who made this series appear on the forum of the Festival, is Prof. Andrzej Wiszniewski. He is a scientist, specialist in electrical power engineering, former Minister of Science, professor in the Institute of Electrical Power Engineering at Wroclaw University of Technology and the author of many interesting festival events. One of the panel discussions which attracted many listeners was a debate organized in 2004 by Prof. Wiszniewski and entitled What kind of graduates does the world want to have?, with the participation of the Mayor of Wroclaw Rafał Dutkiewicz. Another example is a scientific meeting organized in 2005 and entitled Science versus innovation, chaired traditionally by Prof. Andrzej Wiszniewski. During the 8th edition of the LSSF in 2005 Professor also gave a lecture on Good and bad science, which inaugurated the Festival in Wałbrzych.

Moreover, in 2004, mini symposium entitled Advanced technologies for the region. Regional Innovation Strategy (chair: Prof. Tadeusz Więckowski, Vice-rector for Research and Co-operation with Industry of Wroclaw University of Technology) was organized at WrUT with the participation of representatives of the Board of Lower Silesia Province, the economic self-government, KGHM Polska Miedź, Wroclaw Technology Park and Wroclaw Center for Technology Transfer. It was the first public debate on the Regional Innovation Strategy and it preceded its presentation on the Political and Economic Forum in Krzyżowa.

Also a discussion forum was held in 2004 Wroclaw University, with the participation of representatives of Wroclaw authorities. It, was entitled Dangers versus our security. Science versus practice. (From a flint and steel to remote-controlled fuses) and chaired by Prof. Zdzisław Latajka (Rector of Wroclaw University).

The passage of innovation organized in 2006 by Wroclaw Center for Technology Transfer at Wroclaw University of Technology proved to be a great success. Its audience comprised entrepreneurs, representatives of Lower Silesian business, researchers - that is adults, generally speaking. The passage covered the following problems: how to make money on science, protected knowledge, copyright protection, competitiveness versus modern technologies, presentations of prototypes or finished technology chains, meetings with innovation authors, expert services and high-tech offers.

Wroclaw elements

LSSF promotes scientific achievements but thanks to the commitment of the entire academia it also promotes the city and the Region. It demonstrates that Lower Silesia and Wroclaw occupy a very important place on the intellectual map of the country. It can be proved by many traditional activities, e.g. by emphasizing the multicultural aspects of the region and its potential. At this point it is worthwhile to mention the subject from the circle of four religions (Riot of diversity - a gift of unity. A walk around the Quarter of Mutual Respect), or the problem of a national minority, the events organized by the Governor's Office (e.g. Difficult Polish-Ukrainian subjects in 2004), as well as those presenting the cultural and regional resources of Wroclaw (Mineralogy Museum, Museum of Anatomy, Museum of Geology, Archdiocesan Museum or Mediateka). Many editions of the Festival were accompanied with picture exhibitions organized by the ParaArtistic Photography Association SpAF from WrUT, Library of Wroclaw University, Main Library and OINT at WrUT, exhibitions prepared by the University of Music (e.g. The tradition of musical Tuesdays), the Chair of Drawing, Painting and Sculpture and the Faculty Division of Environmental Development, students of the Faculty of Architecture at WrUT or by The Ossolinski National Institute, as well as with tours on Ostrów Tumski organized by the Pontifical Faculty of Theology.

One of the Festival's great achievements has been building artistic and research projects with the participation of students, researchers and artists (e.g. from The Ludwik Solski Cracow State College of Drama - Local Departments in Wroclaw, The Center for Study of Jerzy Grotowski's Work and for Cultural and Theatrical Research, Wroclaw Opera and The Karol Lipinski University of Music in Wroclaw).

From the very beginning, one of the most popular items of the Festival's program (and since 2003 - also the first lecture of each edition) has been a lecture delivered by an outstanding linguist Prof. Jan Miodek, accompanied with performances of students of the Cracow State College of Drama (e.g. in 2006, a lecture entitled What can be predicted in a language? was accompanied with futurological poetry performed by students). In 2002, Dr. Bogusław Bednarek gave a lecture About the medieval university and more, with the participation of students of Cracow State College of Drama supervised by Prof. Mirosława Lombardo (an actress and teacher at CSCD).

An outdoor historical performance dedicated to some eminent people related to Wroclaw (Angelus Silesius, Jakub Boehme, Dietrich Bonhoeffer, Edyta Stein) was organized in 2000 in The Ossolinski National Institute and performed by students of the Puppetry Department at the College of Drama. The author of the script and director of the show was Bogusław Kierc (an actor, director and teacher at CSCD). In 2004 B. Kierc appeared in a program entitled What is bigger then life?- Lower Silesian Science Festival as a tribute to Tadeusz Różewicz. The show was accompanied with marimba recital performed by A. Pstrokońska (UM).

To Prof. Anna Twardowska (an actress and teacher at CSCD) the Festival owes its scientific and artistic projects. In 2004, during the opening ceremony of the 7th LSSF, the deans of drama departments at the College - K. Globisz, T. Sawicka, K. Kuliński, the Dean of the Vocal Department at the University of Music - P. Łykowski and students of both universities presented a theatre project entitled What do we need the masters for? to the accompaniment by A. Rutkowska - Schock. In 2004 Prof. Anna Twardowska wrote a scenario for her performance with the participation of students of CSCD. The performance accompanied a lecture of a famous specialist in Witkacy's life and work - Prof. Janusz Degler. For the purpose of the 8th edition of the Festival Prof. A. Twardowska wrote a scenario (based on The Physicists by F. Dűrrenmat) for a project entitled The content of physics concerns the physicists, its results concern the whole mankind, related to the Year of Physics and with the participation of professors from The Ludwik Solski Cracow State College of Drama, Local Departments in Wroclaw: K. Kuliński, T. Maślonkowski, J. Schejbal and A. Twardowska as well as M. Misiak (cello, UM).

Another important event which needs remembering was The evening of researchers and artists - organized in 2006 and crowning the stationary edition of the 9th LSSF. It was a performance prepared by students and teachers from CSCD whose scenario was written by Prof. Anna Twardowska. The project's scientific supervisor was Prof. Adam Jezierski (a chemist at the Faculty of Chemistry of Wroclaw University), and the computer graphic designer was Dariusz Grzybowicz (Academy of Fine Arts).

In 2006, a scientific and artistic meeting entitled Challenges and passions. A conversation between Ewa Michnik and Jan Stanisław Witkiewicz took place in Oratorium Marianum of Wroclaw University. In the meeting participated: Prof. Ewa Michnik (a conductor, the director of Wroclaw Opera) and Jan Stanisław Witkiewicz (a journalist, feature writer, photographer and collector). The ceremonial character of the event was emphasized by a performance by the soloists: Jolanta Żmurko (soprano), Bogusław Szynalski (baritone) and instrumentalists: Piotr Rojek (organ, UM) and Bułat Kazanski (piano).
In the years 2003 - 2005 The Academic Movie Maker Club FOSA organized for the Festival a projection of own films. Some events were particularly popular. In 2006 it was a performance by Pueri Cantores Wratislaviensis Boys' Choir of Wroclaw Archdiocese conducted by Rev. Stanisław Nowak, and in 2005 - a concert by lecturers and participants of the International Academy of Marimba (UM), as well as an actor song show entitled A Cabaret of the Elderly Gentlemen (PWST).

During the festival opening and closing ceremonies the lectures were accompanied with performance and concerts:
a performance by the OKTOICH Choir of the Orthodox Church (1999), an organ recital by Piotr Rojek from UM (1998, 2000), a performance by Wroclaw Opera Choir (1999), Early music - a concert by the Consonanza Choir of WrUT (2000), a performance by the Gaudium Choir of WU conducted by A. Urbanek (2001), a presentation by The Early Music Group Carmen Alacre from a school in Dobroszyce conducted by M. Szymańska (2001), a concert by the Academic Choir of WrUT conducted by M. Sapiecha - Mizioł (2002), and a concert by the Senza Rigore Chamber Vocal Group of the K. Lipiński University of Music conducted by Jolanta Szybalska - Matczak (2003). A piano concert by the Rector of UM, Prof. Grzegorz Kurzyński (2003), and a recital by B. Szynalski entitled Through thorns to stars (Per aspera ad astra) (2005) were important events, as well as a recital performed by Piotr Rojek from UM (1998, 2000).

European elements

Since December 2000 the Festival has been a member of a European association called the European Science Events Association (EUSCEA) and within the framework of this organization it has participated in an exchange of experiences and lecturers. The Association has been carrying out integrating activities aimed at promoting research in the European Union and offering its organizational expertise to new EU members.

In June 2002, during the Austrian festival in Vienna, Prof. Ryszard Poprawski and Mr. Wojciech Poprawski from Wroclaw University of Technology presented a lecture entitled A couple of experiments with a piece of wire.

In June 2003, Prof. Aleksandra Kubicz organized in Wroclaw the 2nd Conference of EUSCEA. In September 2004, the representatives of the Association visited the 7th LSSF and their opinions on the festival were very positive.

In 2006 LSSF became a part of an important European network. It participated in the 1st European Science Festival organized under the WONDERS project (Welcome to Observations, News&Demonstrations of European Research & Science) and coordinated, on the part of the LSSF, by Prof. Aleksandra Kubicz.. It is an international project funded entirely by the European Commission. The key element of the WONDERS Project is the Merry-go round of Science, under which, in 2006, 18 countries exchanged their best festival presentations. As a part of this project, the Lower Silesian Science Festival presented in the Science Center in Vantaa (Finland) the following three shows: Do you know what a medieval European looked like - an anthropological reconstruction of heads; A kitchen method for isolating DNA and The magical world of chemical reactions. Another part of the WONDERS project organized during the 9th LSSF was a festival cafe entitled The anxieties and hopes of the present day: cancer, allergies and biomanipulations, and under the 1st European Science Festival representatives of the science festival from Genoa (Associazione Festival della Scienza, Genova, Italy) made guest presentations in Wroclaw. The Italians, who are masters of cooking and circus skills, shared with us some of their experiences (events from the series A clever cook). The greatest attraction of the "Italian Day" was definitely Circo Scienza based on the idea of Boris Vecchio, the artistic director of the Associazione Culturale Sarbanda. Dancers and circus artistes wearing costumes and masks made a "team" with physicists and together explained the principles of physics and mathematics which are the basis of techniques such as balance, gravity, optical illusions and movement perception. In the evening the artists participated in a performance including acrobatic feats and aerial games.

Due to the initiative of Ms. Elżbieta Mazurek and her colleagues from the Liaison Office at WrUT, on September 23rd, 2005 the LSSF took part in the European Researcher's Night, organized by the European Commission. Various organizations and research institutions throughout Europe participate in this event every year, and its objective is to create a possibility for a wide public and particularly for young people to meet researchers and to realize that research career can be a very attractive job. The LSSF Program included 5 events from WrUT (Between magic and physics, Magnified pollen - investigation capabilities of a scanning electron microscope, Chemistry stimulates imagination, Home-made biochemistry, molecular biology and biotechnology, Herb - cure, poison, magic) and 2 from WU (Geometry fair and Meeting the experimental archeology).
Co-operation with the British Council Poland at the preparation of the Lower Silesian Science Festival resulted in exhibitions and interactive presentations with the participation of English researchers and among others the following initiatives:

1) In 2001, as a part of the 4th LSSF an audio visual show entitled Musical Squares - Adventures with sound was organized twice in Rzewuski Hall in the Institute of Physics at Wroclaw University. It was prepared and carried out by Mike and Wendy Gluyas from Great Britain. It was an amusing presentation aimed at convincing the audience that learning physics can be real fun. Even though the show had a scientific basis, the viewers did not need to possess any specialist knowledge in order to understand it. The show was of educational nature, filled with sound and visual effects as well as experiments involving the participation of the audience. It explained many phenomena related to sound and hearing and was equally interesting for children as for adults, for scientific minds and for specialists in humanities. Musical Squares was such a great success that Mike and Wendy Gluyas were invited to Wroclaw once again in 2002 and presented their skills twice during the 5th LSSF.

2) The 6th LSSF, held on September 11-18, 2003 included the jubilee exhibition entitled "DNA 50 Watson & Crick and beyond...", which documented the discovery and study of DNA and which was organized in co-operation with the British Council and the British Embassy. The exhibition opening ceremony was honored by the presence of His Royal Highness Prince Andrew, the Duke of York. - Undoubtedly the discovery of the DNA structure is one of the most important breakthroughs in the 20th century science, he said. He stressed that he felt very honored to be able to open an exhibition, which provided information on this great discovery and was a part of such a prestigious event as the Lower Silesian Science Festival. It was an illuminating, clear and interactive exhibition prepared on a large scale and composed of 14 sections presenting the whole story of DNA discovery. The supervisor of the exhibition was Prof. Adam Jezierski from the Faculty of Chemistry at WU. The exhibition also documented the stormy development of genetics and its applications in different fields of study and in everyday life. It also comprised a 9-minute film on the discovery of the DNA structure by F. Crick and J. Watson and some multimedia presentations prepared specially for the exhibition.

3) During the 7th LSSF, between September 22nd and October 8th, 2004, there was an exhibition in the Institute of Astronomy at Wroclaw University, entitled Investigations of the Solar System. It was a Polish version on an English exhibition (supervisor - Ms. Barbara Cader - Sroka, WU) prepared as a part of the Space UK program - a joint project of the British Council and the British Embassy, which was one of the results of the initiative Let's share ideas. The exhibition presented the Great Britain's contribution to the European programs of space exploration as well as the Polish and British co-operation in this area.

4) During the 8th LSSF, on September 14- 30, 2005 an exhibition entitled NorthSouthEastWest was organized in the hall of the main building of Wroclaw University. The exhibition (supervisor - Dr. Jerzy Pereyma, WU) and the accompanying events prepared by the staff of the Division of Meteorology and Climatology at the Institute of Geography and Regional Development of Wroclaw University, constituted an element of a campaign called ZeroCarbonCity focused on the problem of climate changes. A lecture by Dr. Brenda Boardman from Oxford University on "Climate changes: shaping the future" added splendor to the exhibition opening ceremony.

The FUSION EXPO Exhibition - Energy of the Stars, whose opening on September 12th, 2006 inaugurated as well the 9th edition of the Festival. The subject matter of the exhibition was thermonuclear power industry and technical problems connected with building an ITER thermonuclear reactor. The exhibition demonstrated how the second biggest, after The International Space Station program, scientific and technological undertaking of mankind (it will also be one of the most interesting jobs for several generations of engineers, technicians and researchers representing different fields of study and working for power industry) was going to be accomplished. A part of the exhibition was a cinema showing three-dimensional films about the construction and use of the reactor. The exhibition was opened by Prof. Tadeusz Luty, Rector of Wroclaw University of Technology and Chairman of the Body of Rectors of Wroclaw and Opole Universities. A lecture entitled Fusion Energy, the European Research Programme, and the ITER Project by Dr. Barry Green, a representative of the European Commission, added splendor to the ceremony. The exhibition was co-organized by EFDA (European Fusion Development Agreement) and its supervisor was Dr. Andrzej Zaleski from the Institute of Low Temperature and Structural Research of PAS in Wroclaw.

Festival presentations in the Region

In the years 1998 - 2006 the Lower Silesian Science Festival comprised 727 events in the Region organized by Wroclaw academia and researchers from Jelenia Gora, Legnica, Walbrzych and Ząbkowice Ślaskie. During those editions about 69 500 festival visitors participated in regional events.

There is a formula which has worked out well in Lower Silesian towns since the beginning of the Science Festival. Every town has its own regional program enriched with outing sessions prepared by Wroclaw organizers of the LSSF. Regional editions are usually one- or two-day sessions held in particular towns in the subsequent weeks of October.

The first edition of the Science Festival in towns of the region took place in 1998. At first, this form of science promotion was organized by Ms. Elżbieta Mazurek from the Promotion Office at WrUT. The staff of the university declared their participation in this event. The first successful scientific meetings in towns of the Region (Jelenia Góra, Legnica, Wałbrzych), stimulated the academic community. The number of proposed presentations in the field of humanities, technical, natural and other sciences increased significantly. During the festival meetings organized in 2000 mostly in high schools in different towns of the Region, some aspects of e.g. unconventional medicine, polymer chemistry and environmental pollution were presented. The Festival soon became a permanent element of the event agenda both in the Region and in Wroclaw. In 2001 Dr. Jadwiga Sołoducho (Faculty of Chemistry at WrUT) was entrusted the task of carrying out the program of the Lower Silesian Science Festival in the Region. The festival program was created with the participation of representatives of local authorities, Lower Silesian artistic groups, high school communities and local colleges and universities.

The growth tendency with regard to the participation of scientific staff and the number of lectures was maintained in the subsequent editions of LSSF in the Region. In 2002 and in previous years the LSSF was held in Legnica, Wałbrzych, Jelenia Góra, and for the first time also in Ząbkowice Śląskie, where a branch of the Academy of Economics is located. The decision on selected presentation topics was taken by local scientific institutions after considering the needs of local communities. The LSSF opening ceremonies with the participation of local authorities and regional universities began to be organized in towns of the Region.

From the very beginning The Scientific Association of Chemistry Students Allin was a phenomenon on a regional scale. It showed the young audience from regional towns several colorful and spectacular chemical reactions. The Colorful outdoor chemical show was considered in all towns as one of the festival's greatest hits!

The main objective of the subsequent edition of the LSSF 2003 in the Region was to carry on with the Region's promotion, to develop scientific and cultural co-operation in the Region, to build a friendly image of research institutes in Lower Silesia and to integrate scientific and industrial communities in the Region.

Dr. Jadwiga Sołoducho was appointed as the Coordinator's Proxy for the Regional Matters. In accordance with previous decisions, the idea of outing sessions was transformed into a new organizational and program form - regional versions of the festival program, which referred to local problems and topics. This concept was aimed at highlighting people (celebrities) and specific assets of our Region, as well as the achievements of educational institutions in Jelenia Góra, Legnica, Wałbrzych and Ząbkowice Śląskie.

In 2004, an important role in carrying out the festival regional program fell to the LSSF representatives in the region appointed by the Festival Program Board, that is to: Ms. Jadwiga Dąbrowskia (Headmistress of the 2nd High School) in Jelenia Góra, Mr. Janusz Matuszewski (Director of the Local Branch of WrUT) in Legnica, Ms. Iwona Rychlik from Wałbrzych Municipality and Dr. Barbara Mianowska from Ząbkowice Śląskie. They are responsible for the co-operation between the Office of the Lower Silesian Science Festival and local communities. In the years 2005 - 2006 all editions of the LSSF in the region were held under slogans emphasizing the assets of different towns, hosts of the festival events.

From the very beginning lectures and presentations of all editions of the Science Festival in the Region have enjoyed great popularity and interest of the local audience.

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